PMID: 3297124May 1, 1987

Effects of indomethacin and (+/-)-propranolol on the cardiovascular and renin responses to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) infusion in man

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
R J UnwinW S Peart

Abstract

The mechanisms of the cardiovascular and renin responses to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are unclear. Rabbit studies suggest that VIP-induced tachycardia is largely beta-adrenoceptor mediated, but that the renin response may be partially prostaglandin-dependent. To examine the relative importance of prostaglandins and reflex sympathetic activation in the haemodynamic and renin responses to VIP infusion in man, we completed two randomised single-blind crossover studies in two groups of six healthy male volunteers (aged 24-35 years). We recorded the effects of indomethacin and propranolol pretreatment on VIP-related changes in heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), forearm vascular resistance (FVR), plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma noradrenaline (PNA) and plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) concentrations. Intravenous VIP (calculated dose: 6 pmol kg-1 min-1) produced cutaneous flushing, increased HR and PRA, decreased FVR, but did not alter mean arterial BP or AVP levels. Indomethacin (375 mg over 3 days) lowered basal PRA and propranolol (circa 40 mg i.v. over 60 min) decreased resting HR and increased FVR. Although indomethacin and propranolol reduced the absolute rise in PRA and HR, respectively, during VIP infusion...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Pulse Rate
Hematocrit Procedure
Hemodynamics
Osmosin
Intravenous Infusion Procedures
Rexigen
Preprorenin
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide

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