PMID: 913243Sep 1, 1977

Effects of initial tolerance on acquired tolerance to alcohol in two selectively bred rat strains

Drug and Alcohol Dependence
E P Riley, E A Lochry

Abstract

The extent to which initial sensitivity to alcohol influences acquired tolerance was investigated in two selectively bred rat lines. These two lines have been selectively bred for differences in initial sensitivity to alcohol. The most affected (MA) line shows about a 90% reduction in motor activity following a 1.5 g/kg dose of alcohol compared with only a 40% reduction in least affected (LA) animals. In an initial investigation using stabilimeter activity, MA animals demonstrated increased tolerance following regular alcohol exposure, while LA animals showed little change from their initial levels of tolerance. In a second study following a similar intubation procedure, tolerance was assessed by sleeping time. Both MA and LA rats evidenced increased tolerance to alcohol, although MA animals did not approach the levels of tolerance shown by LA animals. In both studies the amount of initial tolerance was correlated with the degree of acquired tolerance. The potential for using these animals in the study of the underlying mechanisms of tolerance is discussed.

Citations

Jan 1, 1980·Psychopharmacology·N R Shapiro, E P Riley
Jan 1, 1983·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·J C CrabbeA Kosobud
Jan 1, 1985·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·P Marfaing-Jallat, J Le Magnen
Sep 1, 1987·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·D S Cannon, L E Carrell
Oct 1, 1979·The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology·S J Grieve, J M Littleton
Apr 1, 1983·Drug and Alcohol Dependence·C A PristachR B Whitney
May 24, 2003·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·Leslie Iversen

Related Concepts

Ethanol
Metazoa
Drug Tolerance
Reflex Action
Selection, Genetic
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Rats, Laboratory

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