Feb 20, 2010

Effects of intracerebroventricular application of the delta opioid receptor agonist [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin on neurological recovery following asphyxial cardiac arrest in rats

Neuroscience
C-J GaoY-Q Li

Abstract

The delta opioid receptor (DOR) agonist [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE) has been implicated as a novel neuroprotective agent in the CNS. The current study was designed to evaluate the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) application of DADLE on neurological outcomes following asphyxial cardiac arrest (CA) in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: Sham group, CA group, DADLE group (DADLE+CA), and Naltrindole group (Naltrindole and DADLE+CA). All drugs were administered into the left cerebroventricle 30 min before CA. CA was induced by 8-min asphyxiation and the animals were resuscitated with a standardized method. DOR protein expression in the hippocampus was significantly increased in the CA group at 1 h after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) compared with the Sham group. As time progressed, expression of DOR proteins decreased gradually in the CA group. Treatment with DADLE alone or co-administration with Naltrindole reversed the down-regulation of DOR proteins in the hippocampus induced by CA at 24 h after ROSC. Compared with the CA group, the DADLE group had persistently better neurological functional recovery, as assessed by neurological deficit score (NDS) and Morris wate...Continue Reading

  • References29
  • Citations18

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Buffers
Ischemia
Brain Injuries
Immunofluorescence Assay
Biochemical Pathway
Polyvinylidene fluoride
Salicylhydroxamic acid
CA1 Pyramidal Cell Area
Body Parts - Cannula

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