Effects of ketanserin on hemodynamics and baroreflex effects in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
J SmitsH A Struyker-Boudier

Abstract

Ketanserin is an antihypertensive compound that binds to 5-HT2 receptors as well as to alpha 1-adrenoceptors. The relative importance of the two pharmacological interactions is still unclear. In the present study we compared the central hemodynamic effects of ketanserin with those of the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin in conscious, unrestrained spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Both drugs rapidly reduced mean arterial pressure (0.1 mg/kg prazosin, -22 +/- 3%; 3 mg/kg ketanserin, -27 +/- 4%) and total peripheral resistance (30 +/- 4 and 26 +/- 4%, respectively). The compounds differed with respect to their effects on heart rate and cardiac output, which increased following prazosin treatment and did not change following ketanserin administration. To investigate involvement of the baroreflex in the latter phenomenon, SHR were challenged with angiotensin II and sodium nitroprusside to increase and decrease blood pressure. Ketanserin did not influence bradycardia following elevation of blood pressure. However, reduction of blood pressure with nitroprusside following ketanserin treatment resulted in extreme vagal bradycardia. This phenomenon was not observed following administration of other antihypertensive agents or...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 7, 1992·European Journal of Pharmacology·D F SuJ E Xie
Aug 1, 1994·Aging : Clinical and Experimental Research·L W DavidowR D Buñag
Jun 1, 1994·Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia·G VandenbrouckeM C Evenepoel
Apr 1, 1989·Hypertension·B J JanssenJ Smits
Apr 5, 2012·Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences·T J Coulthard, M J Van de Wiel

Related Concepts

Angiotensin II, Val(5)-
Metazoa
Atropine Sulfate Anhydrous
Hemodynamics
Hypertensive Disease
R-41,468
Nitriate
Pressoreceptors
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY

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