Nov 7, 1998

Effects of magnesium and glucose, insulin, potassium (GIK) solution on the action potential parameters of guinea-pig atrial muscle

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
M IngemanssonS B Olsson


The present paper aims to explore the effects of [Mg2+]o and glucose, insulin and K+ (GIK) on action potential parameters in guinea-pig atrial muscle. Specimens of atrial appendages were taken from guinea-pig hearts. Action potentials were recorded in isolated atrial trabeculae. Resting potential (RP) and action potential duration at 90% repolarization (APD90) were measured with conventional microelectrode techniques. [Mg2+]o at 6 and 12 mmol L-1 depolarized the RP and prolonged the APD90, whereas 4 mmol L-1 had no effect at all. Glucose alone or in combination with insulin had no effect on action potential parameters. GIK solution with supernormal [K+]o at 6 mmol L-1 depolarized the RP and decreased the APD90. Intervention with [Mg2+]o at 4 mmol L-1 in combination with GIK solution with supernormal [K+]o of 6 mmol L-1, reversibly depolarized the RP, whereas the APD90 was not significantly changed. [Mg2+]o at 12 mmol L-1 in combination with GIK solution with a physiological [K+]o of 4 mmol L-1 prolonged the APD90 whereas the RP was unaffected. [Mg2+]o at 6 and 12 mmol L-1 slightly depolarized the RP and prolonged the APD90. The action potential of normally polarized atrial muscle was not sensitive to supernormal levels of gluco...Continue Reading

  • References23
  • Citations1

Mentioned in this Paper

Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Right Atrial Structure
Atrial Function
Skeletal Myocytes
Nerve Impulses
Cavia porcellus

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.