May 3, 2005

Effects of metal mining effluent on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and slimy sculpin (Cottus cognatus): using artificial streams to assess existing effects and predict future consequences

The Science of the Total Environment
Monique G DubéKevin J Cash

Abstract

In the summer of 2000, the effects of metal mine discharge on fish growth and exercise performance were assessed at a Zn-Pb-Cu mine in New Brunswick, Canada. Juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were exposed to 0%, 20%, and 80% treated metal mine effluent in a mobile, fish-only artificial stream system. Fish were fed commercial salmon pellets throughout the study. Young-of-the-year slimy sculpins (Cottus cognatus) were exposed to the same treatments in a multitrophic level, modular artificial stream system or mesocosm, in which the fish were dependent on seeded algae and invertebrates for nutrition. Treatment concentrations were chosen to represent existing discharge dilutions (80%) and a scenario of reduced effluent discharge (20%) as predicted upon mine closure (scheduled for 2008). Al, Ba, B, Fe, Mn, Sr, Tl, Ti, and Zn increased in a concentration-dependent fashion across the three treatments. Salmon body burdens of Ba, Cd, Li, Cu, Mn, Se, Sr, and Zn were increased in the 80% treatment, while Tl increased across all treatment levels. Mortalities and depressions in growth in both fish species paralleled treatment concentrations (80%>20%>0%). Salmon liver weight was significantly greater in fish exposed to 20% and 80% efflue...Continue Reading

  • References9
  • Citations11

References

  • References9
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

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