Sep 27, 2008

Effects of methanol on the Si-state transitions in photosynthetic water-splitting

Photosynthesis Research
Birgit NöringJohannes Messinger


From a chemical point of view methanol is one of the closest analogues of water. Consistent with this idea EPR spectroscopy studies have shown that methanol binds at-or at least very close to-the Mn(4)O(x)Ca cluster of photosystem II (PSII). In contrast, Clark-type oxygen rate measurements demonstrate that the O(2) evolving activity of PSII is surprisingly unaffected by methanol concentrations of up to 10%. Here we study for the first time in detail the effect of methanol on photosynthetic water-splitting by employing a Joliot-type bare platinum electrode. We demonstrate a linear dependence of the miss parameter for S( i ) state advancement on the methanol concentrations in the range of 0-10% (v/v). This finding is consistent with the idea that methanol binds in PSII with similar affinity as water to one or both substrate binding sites at the Mn(4)O(x)Ca cluster. The possibility is discussed that the two substrate water molecules bind at different stages of the cycle, one during the S(4) --> S(0) and the other during the S(2) --> S(3) transition.

Mentioned in this Paper

Sodium Methoxide
Binding (Molecular Function)
Specimen Type - Electrode
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Dark Reactions of Photosynthesis
Photosystem II

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