Effects of multiplication stimulating activity (MSA) on AIB transport into myoblast and myotube cultures

Journal of Cellular Physiology
G F MerrillN C Dulak


The effects of a somatomedian analog, Temin's multiplication stimulating activity (MSA), on amino acid transport into muscle cells have been characterized in a series of experiments on myoblasts and myotubes in culture. Addition of MSA to serum-starved L6 myoblasts increased the rate of aminoisobutyrate (AIB) uptake 50-150% within five hours. This early effect on transport was followed by increases in cell number, protein content and 3H-thymidine incorporation. Kinetic analyses indicated that MSA increased the maximal velocity of AIB uptake but had no effect on the KM for AIB. When myoblasts were allowed to fuse (and dividing cells eliminated by addition of 10(-4) M cytosine arabinoside) the AIB transport system(s) remained similarly responsive to MSA. In myoblasts and in myotubes, both the basal and MSA-stimulated rate of AIB uptake were sodium-dependent processes; little stimrulation occurred if sodium was absent from the labeling medium. Further suggesting the involvement of cations in response to hormone, MSA stimulated uptake of the potassium analog, 86Rb+, and increase net intracellular potassium in both myoblasts and myotubes. MSA was active at concentrations equivalent to in vivo levels of somatomedins; neither insulin ...Continue Reading


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