Effects of muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists on alpha 2-adrenoceptors in rat brain

European Journal of Pharmacology
P J Hollingsworth, C B Smith

Abstract

The specific binding of [3H]clonidine to alpha 2-adrenoceptors on neural membranes isolated from six brain areas was determined with rats treated for various periods of time with the muscarinic agonists, oxotremorine or pilocarpine, or with the muscarinic antagonists atropine, atropine methyl nitrate, scopolamine and scopolamine methyl bromide. Administration of pilocarpine, 10 mg/kg, twice daily i.p. for 1 and 14 days increased markedly the number of alpha 2-adrenoceptors on neural membranes from all six brain areas. In contrast, oxotremorine, 0.3 mg/kg, twice daily i.p., for 7 days decreased the number of alpha 2-adrenoceptors on membranes from all brain areas except the brainstem and caudate nucleus. Both atropine and scopolamine increased the density of alpha 2-adrenoceptors in specific brain areas. Neither atropine methyl nitrate nor scopolamine methyl bromide had an appreciable effect upon the specific binding of [3H]clonidine to neural membranes from most brain areas.

References

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