Effects of neuropeptides on adenohypophyseal hormone response to acute stress in male rats

Endocrinology
Y TachéR Collu

Abstract

The effects of bombesin and other unrelated oligopeptides on hormonal changes induced by stress were studied in conscious adult male rats. Restraint in the cold for 1 h increased plasma corticosterone and PRL levels and decreased GH values but had no effect on LH levels. Bombesin (5 microgram), given intracerebroventricularly (ivt) before stress, inhibited the PRL rise without affecting corticosterone, GH, or LH response. A complete blockade of PRL rise was observed with doses of bombesin ranging from 5 microgram to 100 ng ivt, regardless of the duration (15, 30, 45, or 60 min) or the nature (cold exposure or restraint at room temperature) of the stressor agents. Bombesin was 10(3) more potent as a PRL inhibitor when given ivt than when given iv, and its ivt effect was not reversed by naloxone (1 or 10 mg/kg). Among other unrelated peptides tested (beta-endorphin, neurotensin, substance P, and TRH; 5 microgram ivt), only neurotensin decreased plasma PRL levels in rats subjected to restraint in the cold for 1 h. These results show that in conscious male rats, centrally administered bombesin has a very potent and long acting inhibitory effect on PRL release induced by acute stress. Since a bombesin-like peptide has been found in ...Continue Reading

Citations

Oct 15, 1983·Experientia·J MajorS R Bloom
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Jan 1, 1991·Research in Experimental Medicine. Zeitschrift Für Die Gesamte Experimentelle Medizin Einschliesslich Experimenteller Chirurgie·L K MalendowiczM Majchrzak
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Related Concepts

Bombesin Dihydrochloride
Cold Temperature
Corticosterone
Endorphins
Luteozyman
Neurotensin
Polypeptides
Pituitary Hormones, Anterior
Prolactin
Stilamin

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