Effects of nipradilol (K-351) on the electrophysiological properties of canine cardiac tissues: comparison with propranolol and sotalol

European Journal of Pharmacology
H NakayaM Kanno


The electrophysiological effects of K-351 (0.3-300 microM), a new beta-adrenoceptor blocking drug, on canine Purkinje and ventricular muscle fibers were examined and compared with those of propranolol (0.3-30 microM) and sotalol (3-300 microM) using standard microelectrode techniques. K-351 and propranolol dose dependently reduced the maximum upstroke velocity of phase 0 and action potential amplitude in both cardiac tissues. Action potential durations (APD) of Purkinje fibers were shortened by both propranolol and K-351 but prolonged by sotalol. However, in ventricular muscle fibers K-351 and sotalol significantly prolonged APD and effective refractory periods which contrasted with the unchanged APD after propranolol. These results suggest that K-351 is a beta-blocking drug possessing a membrane stabilizing action (class I antiarrhythmic properties) and in ventricular muscles it can also exert an APD-prolonging effect (class III antiarrhythmic properties).


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