Effects of noninvasive ventilation on pulmonary gas exchange and hemodynamics during acute hypercapnic exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
O DiazRobert Rodriguez-Roisin

Abstract

Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) can replace tracheal intubation in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with severe hypercapnic respiratory failure. However, the underlying mechanisms by which NIPPV improves pulmonary gas exchange are not known. We studied 10 male COPD patients (68 +/- 8 [SD] yr) with acute severe hypercapnic respiratory failure within 36 h after hospital admission. Measurements of pulmonary gas exchange, hemodynamics, and respiratory mechanics were done: (I) breathing spontaneously (baseline); (2) after 15 and 30 min of NIPPV with pressure support (inspiratory pressure = 12 +/- 2 cm H20, PEEP = 3 +/- 2 cm H20); and (3) 15 min after NIPPV withdrawal. Patients were ventilated using a full face mask, keeping FIO2 constant (0.23 +/- 0.02) in all conditions. Compared with baseline, during NIPPV (15 min) we observed a moderate increase in Pa02 (from 50 +/- 6 to 57 +/- 9 mm Hg; p < 0.05), and a fall in PaCO2 (from 66 +/- 10 to 59 +/- 10 mm Hg; p < 0.0001), but AaPO2 increased (from 39 +/- 13 to 48 +/- 13 mm Hg; p < 0.001). Breathing frequency decreased (from 26 +/- 5 to 19 +/- 3 breaths/min; p < 0.0001), tidal volume increased (from 311 +/- 42 to 520 +/- 133 ml; p < 0....Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Acute Disease
Carbon Dioxide
Cardiac Output
Hemodynamics
Hypercapnia
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Dioxygen
Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Tidal Volume

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