Jan 1, 1984

Effects of omeprazole, a substituted benzimidazole, on gastrointestinal secretions, serum gastrin, and gastric mucosal blood flow in dogs

Gastroenterology
S J KonturekJ Bilski

Abstract

In dogs with gastric fistulas and vagally denervated Heidenhain pouches, omeprazole, a benzimidazole derivative infused intravenously or given intraduodenally, dose-dependently inhibited gastric acid secretion, which had been induced by histamine, pentagastrin, or urecholine. It also suppressed gastric acid response to physiologic stimulants such as sham-feeding and gastric peptone meal without affecting serum gastrin level. The inhibition of histamine-induced acid secretion was accompanied by a parallel reduction in the mucosal blood flow, but no significant alteration in the ratio (R) value, indicating that omeprazole primarily affected gastric acid secretion but did not limit gastric mucosal microcirculation. Omeprazole, infused into the Heidenhain pouch, caused a dose-dependent inhibition of the Heidenhain pouch response to intravenous histamine without any significant change in the acid response of the main stomach and plasma concentrations of the drug. This indicates that omeprazole may exhibit local inhibitory action on the oxyntic glands. Omeprazole did not affect gastric mucosal integrity or the rate of alkaline secretion from the gastroduodenal mucosa or the pancreas stimulated by duodenal acidification or secretin.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Gastric Fistula
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Mucositis
Prilosec
Benign Tumor of Pancreas
Structure of Pyloric Gland
Secretin Measurement
Duodenum
Regional Blood Flow

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