Dec 15, 1978

Effects of particulate complex refractive index and particle size distribution variations on atmospheric extinction and absorption for visible through middle ir wavelengths

Applied Optics
S G JenningsH J Auvermann


A comprehensive sensitivity study has been made using Mie theory to determine the effect of realistic variations in values of real and imaginary parts of the complex index of refraction on volume extinction and absorption coefficients for a wide range of log normal particle size distributions (defined by geometric mean radius r(g) and geometric standard deviation sigma(g)). Wavelengths lambda from the visible (0.55 microm) through the middle ir (10.6 microm) were considered. Extinction is independent of the complex index to within 20% for the majority of realistic particle size distributions, providing lambda < 2 microm. However, changes in extinction by up to an order of magnitude are caused by realistic variations in refractive indexes for 2 microm </= lambda </= 10.6 microm, with the real index being more important in affecting extinction than the imaginary index. Similar changes are caused by variations in particle size distribution for values of refractive indexes typical of atmospheric constituents. For bimodal size distributions representative of desert aerosols, values of the complex refractive index that result in minimum and maximum extinction coefficients are given. Absorption is generally less dependent on size dist...Continue Reading

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Refraction Assessment

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