Sep 6, 2019

Effects of pollution on freshwater aquatic organisms

Water Environment Research : a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
Patrick Amoatey, Mahad Baawain

Abstract

This paper presents the reviews of scientific papers published in 2018 issues on the effects of anthropogenic pollution on the aquatic organisms dwelling in freshwater ecosystem at global scale. The first part of the study provides the summary of relevant literature reviews followed by field and survey based studies. The second part is based on categories of different classes/sources of pollutants which affect freshwater organism. This is composed of several sections including metals and metalloids, wastewater and effluents, sediments, nutrients, pharmaceuticals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, flame retardants, persistent organic pollutants, pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs, emerging contaminants, pesticides, herbicides, and endocrine disruptors. The final part of the study highlights the reviews of published research work on new pollutants such as microplastics and engineered nanoparticles which affect the freshwater organisms. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Heavy metals concentrations should be assessed at nano-scale in aquatic environment. Air pollutants could have long-term effects on freshwater ecosystem. Future studies should focus on bioremediations of freshwater pollution.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Research
Endocrine Disruptors
Aquatic Organisms
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic
Air Pollutants
Environment
Metals, Heavy
Nutrients
Metals

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