Jun 1, 1989

Effects of prostaglandins and cAMP levels on monocyte IL-1 production

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S KassisN Hanna


The effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), as well as other cAMP-elevating agents, on the in vitro production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) by human monocytes (HM) were examined. Exposure to E. coli lipopolysacharide (LPS) resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase of IL-1 activity in monocytes culture supernatants. Maximal levels of secreted IL-1 in response to 10 ng LPS/ml were obtained at 18 h. PGE1, PGE2, cholera toxin (CT) and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, isobutylmethylxanthin (IBMX), when added with LPS, resulted in a dose-dependent increase in cellular cAMP and in secreted IL-1. Maximal levels of secreted IL-1 were 2.5-5.0-fold over LPS alone. When CT or PGE2 was added with IBMX a further increase was observed. These agents exhibited marginal effect on cell-associated IL-1. Maximum cAMP levels was achieved at 10 min in response to either PGE1 or PGE2 and returned to near basal levels after 18 h. While PGE1 elevated cAMP to a larger extent than PGE2 (58- vs. 30-fold) the latter resulted in a higher levels of secreted IL-1. Elevated cAMP persisted throughout the entire culture period in response to CT (4-6-fold) or IBMX (7-fold). Thus, we conclude that in adherent HM, IL-1 production is potentiated and not inhibited by pro...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Interleukin-1 Production
Prostaglandin E2 Measurement
Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Monocytes as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)

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