Jun 1, 1989

Effects of prostaglandins and cAMP levels on monocyte IL-1 production

Agents and Actions
S KassisN Hanna

Abstract

The effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), as well as other cAMP-elevating agents, on the in vitro production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) by human monocytes (HM) were examined. Exposure to E. coli lipopolysacharide (LPS) resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase of IL-1 activity in monocytes culture supernatants. Maximal levels of secreted IL-1 in response to 10 ng LPS/ml were obtained at 18 h. PGE1, PGE2, cholera toxin (CT) and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, isobutylmethylxanthin (IBMX), when added with LPS, resulted in a dose-dependent increase in cellular cAMP and in secreted IL-1. Maximal levels of secreted IL-1 were 2.5-5.0-fold over LPS alone. When CT or PGE2 was added with IBMX a further increase was observed. These agents exhibited marginal effect on cell-associated IL-1. Maximum cAMP levels was achieved at 10 min in response to either PGE1 or PGE2 and returned to near basal levels after 18 h. While PGE1 elevated cAMP to a larger extent than PGE2 (58- vs. 30-fold) the latter resulted in a higher levels of secreted IL-1. Elevated cAMP persisted throughout the entire culture period in response to CT (4-6-fold) or IBMX (7-fold). Thus, we conclude that in adherent HM, IL-1 production is potentiated and not inhibited by pro...Continue Reading

  • References4
  • Citations24

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Interleukin-1 Production
Interleukin-1
Procholeragenoid
1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
Prostaglandin E2 Measurement
Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Prostenon
Monocytes as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)
Caverject

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.