Jan 1, 1976

Effects of ritodrine hydrochloride on uterine activity and the cardiovascular system in toxemic patients

Obstetrics and Gynecology
F C MillerE H Hon

Abstract

The effects of ritodrine hydrochloride were evaluated in 25 toxemic patients in active labor utilizing continuous electronic monitoring of fetal and maternal cardiovascular systems and uterine activity. Fetal scalp blood and free flowing maternal antecubital venous blood was obtained for pH, Po2, Pco2, base deficit and blood glucose determinations prior to and immediately following the study period. The initial ritodrine dose was 50 mug/min for 15 minutes. The dose was increased by 50 mug/min each 15 minutes until there was a clinically apparent reduction in uterine activity. Once this was accomplished, the infusion was maintained for 30 minutes. There was a consistent increase in the maternal heart rate (MHR) and a significant rise in fetal heart rate (FHR) late in the infusion and in the postinfusion period. There was a widening of the maternal pulse pressure mainly due to a reduction in diastolic pressure with little change in the mean blood pressure. Maternal and fetal pH decreased and base deficit increased during the study although the PO2 and PCO2 remained unchanged. Maternal and fetal blood glucose rose significantly following ritodrine infusion.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cardiovascular System
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Propanolamines
Ritodrine hydrochloride
Fetal Heart
Umbilical Cord Blood
Pre-Eclampsia
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Obstetric Labor Complications

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