Effects of severe pretreatment conditions and lignocellulose-derived furan byproducts on anaerobic digestion of dairy manure.

Bioresource Technology
Joonrae Roger Kim, K G Karthikeyan

Abstract

Dairy manure subjected to four pretreatments (acid, alkaline, sulfite (SPORL), alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP)) at high chemical dosages (termed severe conditions) were evaluated for enhancements in biogas production and inhibitory effects due to concomitant generation of furan byproducts. All four pretreatments enhanced solubilization of carbohydrates, but only alkaline and AHP resulted in higher methane yield (356 and 333 mL/g-VS, respectively) relative to moderate pretreatment conditions (311 and 261 mL/g-VS, respectively). Methane yield of severe-SPORL pretreatment (233 mL/g-VS) was greater than that of untreated manure (116 mL/g-VS), but lower than that of moderate-SPORL (353 mL/g-VS). Severe-acid pretreatment showed early termination in biogas production likely due to inhibitory effects of furfural and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural. Both experimental data and kinetic modeling indicated that severe-acid pretreatment led to degradation of carbohydrates to furfural, which reduced biogas production due to direct toxicity rather than competitive inhibitory effects. Pretreatment conditions (severity and byproduct levels) for dairy manure biomass may be optimized based on the current findings.

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