Effects of sildenafil on the fetal growth of guinea pigs and their ability to survive induced intrapartum asphyxia

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
P Sánchez-AparicioM Alonso-Spilsbury


Our goal was to determine whether sildenafil increased fetal weight and favored fetal tolerance to induced asphyxia at birth in guinea pigs. Twenty guinea pigs were randomly allocated to placebo (n = 10) or sildenafil 50 microg/kg (n = 5) or 500 microg/kg (n = 5), starting from day 35 of gestation to delivery. Fetuses were delivered by cesarean section. Fetal asphyxia was induced by clamping the umbilical cord at birth for 5 minutes. Sildenafil protected the pups against induced asphyxia at birth in a dose-dependent manner (eg, partial pressure (tension) of carbon dioxide levels were 75.9 +/- 19.3, 66.9 +/- 18.8, and 54.8 +/- 13.0 in the control and low- and high-dose sildenafil groups, respectively). The high-dose sildenafil group of piglets gained 1.5 times more body weight. In guinea pigs, low doses of sildenafil administered from day 35 to the end of gestation favored fetal tolerability to induced intrapartum asphyxia. High doses of sildenafil increased fetal weight.


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