Jun 29, 1976

Effects of substrate and inhibitor binding on thermal and proteolytic inactivation of rat liver transhydrogenase

J F Blazyk, D Lam


The thermostability and proteolytic inactivation of rat liver submitochondrial particle transhydrogenase was studied in the presence of pyridine dinucleotide substrates and a variety of divalent metal and nucleotide inhibitors. Relative to the unliganded enzyme, the NADPH-enzyme complex was more thermostable and showed a twofold greater rate of tryptic inactivation, while the NADP+-enzyme complex was more thermolabile and only slightly more susceptible to tryptic inactivation. Neither NAD+ nor NADH significantly affected thermostability or proteolysis. Similar effects of these ligands were observed for the non-energy-linked and energy-linked transhydrogenase reactions, indicating that both activities are catalyzed by the same enzyme. In thermal experiments, acetyl-CoA, 2'-AMP, and NMNH stabilized, palmitoyl-CoAlabilized, and dephospho-CoA, CoA, NMN+, and 5'-AMP had little effect on enzyme stability. Tryptic inactivation was inhibited by 2'-AMP and NMN+ but was not influenced by the other nucleotide inhibitors. Divalent metal ion inhibitors (Mg2+, Ca2+, Mn2+, Ba2+, and Sr2+) stabilized transhydrogenase against thermal inactivation and promoted tryptic inactivation.

  • References22
  • Citations16


Mentioned in this Paper

dephosphocoenzyme A
NAD(P)+ Transhydrogenase Activity
Peptide Hydrolases
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Hot Temperature
Mitochondria, Liver
Proteolytic Enzyme
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity

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