Feb 1, 1984

Effects of the induction of experimental cryptorchidism and subsequent orchidopexy on testicular function in immature rats

Biology of Reproduction
B JégouD M de Kretser


Cryptorchidism surgically induced in 14-day-old rats, was allowed to persist until 35 days when one group was killed to assess testicular function. In a second group the cryptorchid testis was returned to the scrotum surgically (orchidopexy) and subsequently killed at 130 days. A third group remained persistently cryptorchid to 130 days, while in a fourth group two sham operations were performed at 14 and 35 days. At 35 days, cryptorchidism resulted in a significant decline in testis weight due to suppressed spermatogenesis. Sertoli cell function as measured by seminiferous tubule fluid (TF) production after unilateral efferent duct ligation and androgen-binding protein (ABP) production was significantly depressed in the cryptorchid group. Serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were significantly elevated with cryptorchidism but serum testosterone levels were unchanged. Although morphometric measurements showed no change in Leydig cells cross-sectioned area, in vitro human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-stimulated testosterone production was significantly increased in the cryptorchid group at higher hCG doses. Similar changes were found in cryptorchid testes at 130 days except that Leydig cel...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Prune Belly Syndrome
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
Testosterone Measurement
August Rats
Structure of Interstitial Cell of Leydig

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