Jan 1, 1977

Effects of the released mediators of anaphylaxis on the target organs

Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases. Supplementum
P J Piper

Abstract

The antigen-antibody union initiates the release of mediators; the reactions and interactions of these mediators in the lung appear to include negative feedback mechanisms. During anaphylactic bronchoconstriction catecholamines are released from the adrenal medulla. These act as physiological antagonists and tend to reverse the bronchoconstriction. In guinea-pig and human lung fragments, catecholamines and PGs increase cyclic AMP levels and inhibit the release of histamine, SRS-A and ECF-A following antigen challenge. EFC-A is chemotactic to eosinophils which contain arylsulphatase which destroys SRS-A. Aanphylactic bronchoconstriction seems to be a defense mechanism to limit further inhalation of antigen by the animal. It then seems that a series of negative feedback mechanisms may be triggered to terminate and reverse the bronchoconstriction and prevent further release of mediators.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Eosinophil
Anaphylaxis (Non Medication)
Lung
Cavia
Catecholamines Measurement
Cyclic AMP
Organ
Bronchoconstriction
Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Measurement

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Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.