PMID: 105202Feb 1, 1979

Effects of the tumor-promoting agent 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate on normal and "preneoplastic" mouse submandibular gland epithelial cells in vitro

Journal of the National Cancer Institute
M A Knowles


The effect of the promoting agent 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was studied on mixed primary cultures of C57BL/Icrf-at mouse submandibular gland and on slowly proliferating preneoplastic epithelial foci derived from such cultures. No cytologic alterations were noted in the TPA-treated epithelium. The development of three-dimensional epithelial ducts occurring between 30 and 60 days in vitro in untreated cultures was markedly inhibited in TPA-treated cultures. Epithelial proliferation, as shown by the [H]thymidine labelling index and mitotic index, seemded to increase during treatment with TPA and fall between the weekly treatments. Long-term TPA treatment increased the incidence of slow-growing foci in cultures previously treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene but not in cultures treated with dimethyl sulfoxide. TPA had no effect on the emergence of tumorigenic cell lines at a late stage in culture or on the development of such lines from preexisting foci derived from non-TPA-treated cultures.

Related Concepts

Cell Division Phases
Submandibular Gland
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, 4a alpha-Isomer

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.