PMID: 590239Jan 1, 1977

Effects of thyroid hormones on the evolution of monoamine oxidase activity in the brain and heart of the developing rat

D Gripois, C Fernandez


The evolution of monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity towards tryptamine has been studied from birth to 20 days post-natal in the brain and heart of male rats. Hyperthyroidism was induced by thyroxine injections and hypothyroidism by PTU administration. The results are expressed per unit of fresh weight and per unit of protein weight. Cardiac MAO is higher in the hyperthyroid animals than in controls as soon as 5 days following birth; the difference between the 2 groups increases until 20 days. The deficiency in thyroid hormones, on the other hand, was followed by a slight decrease in the cardiac enzyme, this decrease reflecting the general deficit in protein synthesis. Brain MAO is not affected by hyperthyroidism, but a clear deficit follows PTU administration. This deficit is significant beginning at 10 days and the difference between the 2 groups increases up to 20 days. The effects of PTU-induced hypothyroidism can be corrected by thyroxine injections. Except for the decrease in the level of cardiac enzyme in hypothyroid animals, all the effects on MAO activity are independent of the total protein content of both organs.


Nov 23, 2007·International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience·Osama M AhmedR G Ahmed

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