Effects of two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, indomethacin and oxaprozin, on the kidney

Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
P D MitnickS Goldfarb


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been found to cause sodium retention and to decrease glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We studied the effects of two such drugs, indomethacin and oxaprozin, a new propionic acid derivative, on renal function of awake, normal human subjects during sustained water diuresis. Although neither drug had a long-term effect on GFR or sodium clearance (CNa), indomethacin (six subjects) but not oxaprozin (seven subjects) transiently reduced GFR and CNa. Given over the short term, oxaprozin caused a reduction in GFR from 113.7 +/- 5.7 to 99.8 +/- 4.7 ml/min (p < 0.01) and CNa from 0.84 +/- 0.07 to 0.61 +/- 0.08 ml/min (p < 0.005). The results were much the same when an additional dose of indomethacin was given to subjects who had been receiving the drug for a week. Inference from clearance data at a time when urinary osmolality (Uosm) remained constant but urine flow per GFR (V/GFR) fell suggests that both drugs stimulated proximal tubular sodium and fluid resorption. Both suppressed renin and aldosterone levels comparably and reduced potassium excretion transiently, but only indomethacin caused a sustained change in serum potassium concentration; serum potassium rose from 4.32 +/- 0.10 t...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Aldosterone, (+-)-Isomer
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Kidney Concentrating Ability
Propionic Acids

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