PMID: 3994147Apr 1, 1985Paper

Effects of vasodilators on canine cardiopulmonary function when a decrease in cardiac output complicates an increase in right ventricular afterload

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
M GhignoneR M Prewitt

Abstract

In canine oleic acid pulmonary edema, we investigated acute cardiopulmonary effects of nitroprusside (NP) before (NP1), and after (NP2) pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) was increased via glass bead embolization. In the setting of increased PVR and reduced cardiac output (CO), acute cardiopulmonary effects of NP and hydralazine were compared. Oleic acid increased (p less than 0.05) pulmonary shunt (Qs/Qt) from 15 to 24%, but did not alter PVR. Cardiac output decreased (p less than 0.01) 31% with oleic acid from 4.2 to 2.9 1 X min-1 and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) increased (p less than 0.01). When PVR was normal, NP reduced (p less than 0.05) blood pressure (BP) from 148 to 123 mmHg, decreased SVR 31%, and increased (p less than 0.05) CO and Qs/Qt. Glass bead embolization increased (p less than 0.001) PVR from 2.2 to 20 mgHg X 1-1 X min and reduced (p less than 0.01) CO 23%, from 2.6 to 2 L/min. The Qs/Qt did not increase with embolization. In contrast to effects of NP1, when RV afterload was increased, CO fell (p less than 0.05) with NP2 from 2 to 1.6 1 X min-1. Alternatively, hydralazine improved cardiopulmonary function. In the setting of increased RV afterload, SVR and PVR decreased (p less than 0.01) 48 and 29%, r...Continue Reading

Citations

Oct 25, 2016·Clinical Medicine Insights. Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine·Natalie E TaylorEric M Snyder

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Antihypertensive Agents: Mechanisms of Action

Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.