PMID: 8120477Jan 1, 1994Paper

Effects of volatile anesthetics, enflurane, isoflurane, and halothane on ventricular delayed activation in a canine myocardial infarction model

Journal of Electrocardiology
S ImamuraM Nakashima


The authors examined the effects of volatile anesthetics (enflurane, isoflurane, and halothane) on ventricular activation in a canine myocardial infarction model. Enflurane at 1 minimum aveolar concentration further delayed or blocked delayed activation in the infarcted zones with only slight effects on activation of the normal zones. Halothane showed similar and comparable effects on ventricular activation to those of enflurane. Although isoflurane also showed similar effects, they were of a lesser extent. Enflurane and halothane, but not isoflurane, inhibited ventricular stimulation-induced arrhythmias. Thus, enflurane and halothane produced marked depression of delayed activation in myocardial infarction, which may affect, that is, inhibit or provoke, ventricular arrhythmias in myocardial infarction.


Nov 14, 1977·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·L M Hondeghem, B G Katzung
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Dec 1, 1990·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·H HashimotoM Nakashima
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