PMID: 7932241Jun 15, 1994Paper

Effects on fluid and Na+ flux of varying luminal hydraulic resistance in rat colon in vivo

The Journal of Physiology
P S ZammitR J Naftalin


1. A new method of measuring fluid and ionic movements and the dehydrating power of the colon in vivo is described. A range of agarose gel cylinders, with calibrated hydraulic conductivities (Lp), were inserted into the lumen of the descending colon of anaesthetized rats. Fluxes of fluid, Na+ and K+ out of the gels were measured over a period of 60-110 min. 2. Fluid absorption by the colon from 2.5% agarose gels was not slower than from solution without gel. Fluid absorption was inhibited by 66% when the agarose concentration was raised to 10%. In contrast 2.5% agarose gels caused a 73% (P < 0.001) reduction in water flow from rat ileum. 3. Increasing gel concentration to 10% or above caused the absorbate from the gels to become hypertonic (P < 0.001). 4. The measured suction pressure applied by the colonic hypertonic absorbate to the gels increased from 44 +/- 2.3 cmH2O (n = 23) with 2.5% agarose gels to 6713 +/- 960 cmH2O (n = 13) with 15% (P < 0.001). 5. Deoxycholate (2 mM) produced a decrease in fluid and Na+ absorption and reduced the suction pressure and power exerted by the colon.


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