PMID: 39632Sep 20, 1979

Effects on induction of tyrosine aminotransferase in fetal mouse liver in vitro of prednisolone, insulin and thyroxine

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M KumegawaM Nakanishi


The hormonal requirements for formation of tyrosine aminotransferase (EC in fetal mouse liver were investigated in organ culture using chemically defined medium. The hormones tested were insulin, thyroxine and prednisolone. Prednisolone alone resulted in a two-fold increase in tyrosine amino-transferase activity in explanted liver in hormone-free medium on day 6, and its effect was dose dependent, but neither insulin nor thyroxine alone induced the enzyme. Addition of prednisolone plus thyroxine and prednisolone plus insulin increased the enzyme activity 1.4- and 1.3-fold, respectively, over that of explants with prednisolone alone. These three hormones together had the greatest effect, causing induction of 1.5-fold more activity than that with prednisolone plus insulin or plus thyroxine. The three hormones were not all needed continuously during the culture period: prednisolone and insulin were required during the early part of cultivation and thyroxine during the later part. The effects of these hormones were blocked by actinomycin D or puromycin, suggesting that these hormones increase de novo synthesis of tyrosine aminotransferase. Phase-contrast microscopy showed that prednisolone stimulated liver epithelial cell ...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1984·The International Journal of Biochemistry·J V GroenewaldW Oelofsen

Related Concepts

Organ Culture Techniques
Tyrosine Aminotransferase
Thyroxine Measurement
Puromycin Dihydrochloride
Enzyme Activity

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