Efficacy and safety of anticoagulant therapy in patients with chronic cirrhosis complicated with portal vein thrombosis: what should we expert from a meta-analysis?

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Yalin LiuJie Li

Abstract

Background: Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate efficacy and safety of anticoagulant therapy in patients with chronic cirrhosis complicated with portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Methods: The PubMed, The Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases were searched. The odds ratio (OR) and risks ratio(RR) with 95% CI was pooled to calculate the difference in the rate of portal vein recanalization and occurrence of bleeding events between patients who received anticoagulation and those who did not. All meta-analysis were conducted by using a random-effects model. Results: 8 studies with a total of 559 patients published between 2005 and 2019 were finally enrolled in our meta-analysis . The rate of portal vein recanalization was significantly higher with PVT who received anticoagulation and those who did not (OR = 4.689, 95% (95% CI = 3.274–6.716, P=0.000). And the pooled risk ratio of bleeding between the two groups was 0.828 (95% CI = 0.511–1.343, P=0.444). The heterogeneity was not statistically significant among studies, Begg’s funnel plot and Egger’s linear regression test were performed to evaluate publicantion bias. Conclusion: Anticoagulation therapy can significantly improve the recanalization rate o...Continue Reading

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