Efficacy and safety of anticoagulation on patients with cirrhosis and portal vein thrombosis

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official Clinical Practice Journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
María Gabriela DelgadoJuan Carlos Garcia-Pagan

Abstract

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a frequent event in patients with cirrhosis; it can be treated with anticoagulants, but there are limited data regarding safety and efficacy of this approach. We evaluated this therapy in a large series of patients with cirrhosis and non-neoplastic PVT. We analyzed data from 55 patients with cirrhosis and PVT, diagnosed from June 2003 to September 2010, who received anticoagulant therapy for acute or subacute thrombosis (n = 31) or progression of previously known PVT (n = 24). Patients with cavernomatous transformation were excluded. Thrombosis was diagnosed, and recanalization was evaluated by using Doppler ultrasound, angio-computed tomography, and/or angio-magnetic resonance imaging analyses. Partial or complete recanalization was achieved in 33 patients (60%; complete in 25). Early initiation of anticoagulation was the only factor significantly associated with recanalization. Rethrombosis after complete recanalization occurred in 38.5% of patients after anticoagulation therapy was stopped. Despite similar baseline characteristics, patients who achieved recanalization developed less frequent liver-related events (portal hypertension-related bleeding, ascites, or hepatic encephalopathy) during ...Continue Reading

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