Feb 11, 2020

Efficacy of rituximab in difficult-to-manage autoimmune hepatitis: Results from the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group

JHEP Reports : Innovation in Hepatology
Nwe Ni ThanYe Htun Oo

Abstract

Treatment options remain limited for patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), while there are still concerns over the consequences of long-term corticosteroid use. A few studies have suggested a role for B cell-driven autoimmune liver injury in AIH. This multicentre, international retrospective cohort study from the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab in difficult-to-manage AIH. Clinical data from 22 patients who received rituximab between 2007 and 2017 were collected from centres in the United Kingdom, Germany and Canada. Clinical response was assessed using changes in biochemical and immunological parameters up to 24 months post-rituximab infusion. In addition, we compared the doses of prednisolone used 3 months before and 12 months after treatment, and assessed freedom from AIH flares over the post-treatment period. Twenty-two patients with type-1 AIH were included, with a median age of 40 years at diagnosis (range 19-79); 15/22 (68%) were female and 18/22 (82%) were Caucasian. The median period from diagnosis to the end of follow-up in these patients was 11 years (range 3-28). Values of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and albumin impro...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Immune System
Finding
Liver Function Tests
Liver
Autoimmune Diseases
Aspartate Transaminase
Albumins
Analysis
Retrospective Cohort Study
Diagnosis

Related Feeds

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases occur as a result of an attack by the immune system on the body’s own tissues resulting in damage and dysfunction. There are different types of autoimmune diseases, in which there is a complex and unknown interaction between genetics and the environment. Discover the latest research on autoimmune diseases here.

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis formerly called lupoid hepatitis, is a chronic, autoimmune disease of the liver that occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells causing the liver to be inflamed. Discover the latest research on autoimmune hepatitis here.

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