Jun 10, 2010

Efficient construction of an assembly string graph using the FM-index

Bioinformatics
Jared T Simpson, Richard Durbin

Abstract

Sequence assembly is a difficult problem whose importance has grown again recently as the cost of sequencing has dramatically dropped. Most new sequence assembly software has started by building a de Bruijn graph, avoiding the overlap-based methods used previously because of the computational cost and complexity of these with very large numbers of short reads. Here, we show how to use suffix array-based methods that have formed the basis of recent very fast sequence mapping algorithms to find overlaps and generate assembly string graphs asymptotically faster than previously described algorithms. Standard overlap assembly methods have time complexity O(N(2)), where N is the sum of the lengths of the reads. We use the Ferragina-Manzini index (FM-index) derived from the Burrows-Wheeler transform to find overlaps of length at least tau among a set of reads. As well as an approach that finds all overlaps then implements transitive reduction to produce a string graph, we show how to output directly only the irreducible overlaps, significantly shrinking memory requirements and reducing compute time to O(N), independent of depth. Overlap-based assembly methods naturally handle mixed length read sets, including capillary reads or long r...Continue Reading

  • References11
  • Citations65
  • References11
  • Citations65

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Computer Programs and Programming
Genomics
Sequencing
Sequence Determinations, DNA
Entire Capillary Blood Vessel (Organ)
Capillary Vessel
Suffix brand of benzoylprop-ethyl
Blood Capillaries

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