Apr 12, 2020

Precise, high-throughput production of multicellular spheroids with a bespoke 3D bioprinter

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
R. H. UtamaJ. Gooding

Abstract

3D in vitro cancer models are important therapeutic and biological discovery tools, yet formation of multicellular spheroids in a throughput and highly controlled manner to achieve robust and statistically relevant data, remains challenging. Here, we developed an enabling technology consisting of a bespoke drop-on-demand 3D bioprinter capable of high-throughput printing of 96-well plates of spheroids. 3D-multicellular spheroids are embedded inside a tissue-like matrix with precise control over size and cell number. Application of 3D bioprinting for high-throughput drug screening was demonstrated with doxorubicin. Measurements showed that IC50 values were sensitive to spheroid size, embedding and how spheroids conform to the embedding, revealing parameters shaping biological responses in these models. Our study demonstrates the potential of 3D bioprinting as a robust high-throughput platform to screen biological and therapeutic parameters. Significance StatementIn vitro 3D cell cultures serve as more realistic models, compared to 2D cell culture, for understanding diverse biology and for drug discovery. Preparing 3D cell cultures with defined parameters is challenging, with significant failure rates when embedding 3D multicellu...Continue Reading

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