Efficient reverse breeding by VIGS-mediated transient crossover reduction

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Vanesa Calvo-BaltanasErik Wijnker

Abstract

F1 heterozygotes are traditionally generated by crossing homozygous parental lines. The opposite is achieved through reverse breeding, in which parental lines are generated from a heterozygote. Reverse breeding can be used to develop new F1 hybrid varieties without having prior access to homozygous breeding lines. For successful reverse breeding, the heterozygotes homologous chromosomes must be divided over two haploid complements, which is achieved by suppression of meiotic crossover (CO) recombination. We here show two innovations that facilitate efficient reverse breeding. Firstly, we demonstrate that downregulation of CO rates can be accomplished using virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS). We obtain transgene-free parental lines for a heterozygote in just two generations. Secondly, we show that incomplete CO suppression opens up several alternative strategies for the preservation of hybrid phenotypes through reverse breeding.

Related Concepts

Breeding
Chromosomes
Down-Regulation
Suppression, Genetic
Virus
Cell Line, Tumor
Transgenes
Gene Silencing
Meiotic Recombination
Haploid Cell

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