EGFR/EGFRvIII remodels the cytoskeleton via epigenetic silencing of AJAP1 in glioma cells

Cancer Letters
Chao YangChunsheng Kang

Abstract

EGFR amplification and mutations are the most common oncogenic events in GBM. EGFR overexpression correlates with GBM invasion, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In a previous study, we showed that AJAP1 is involved in regulating F-actin to inhibit the invasive ability of GBM. In addition, in a GBM cell line, the AJAP1 promoter was highly bound by H3K27me3 and, through bioinformatics analysis, we found that AJAP1 expression was negatively correlated with EGFR. In this study, we found that the pathway downstream of EGFR had a higher activation level in GBM cell lines, which led to excessive tumor suppressor silencing. Therefore, we deduced that in glioma cells, the pathway downstream of EGFR remodels the cytoskeleton via AJAP1 epigenetic silencing to enhance invasion. Furthermore, MK2206 reversed AJAP1 downregulation by inhibiting the EGFR pathway. In vivo, MK2206 also inhibited the proliferation and local invasion of 87-EGFRvIII. These data suggest that activation of the EGFR signal transduction pathway genetically silences anti-oncogenes to enhance GBM malignancy. MK2206 might be a promising therapeutic for EGFR/EGFRvIII-positive GBMs.

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Citations

Jun 7, 2019·Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research : CR·Cong XuYun Niu
Jan 30, 2020·Clinical and Translational Medicine·Hongyu ZhaoLiang Zeng
Oct 17, 2021·Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis·Rubing LiFeng Wang

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