Eicosanoid signaling as a therapeutic target in middle-aged mice with severe COVID-19.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Lok-Yin Roy WongStanley Perlman

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is especially severe in aged populations 1 . Resolution of the COVID-19 pandemic has been advanced by the recent development of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, but vaccine efficacy is partly compromised by the recent emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants with enhanced transmissibility 2 . The emergence of these variants emphasizes the need for further development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 therapies, especially in aged populations. Here, we describe the isolation of a new set of highly virulent mouse-adapted viruses and use them to test a novel therapeutic drug useful in infections of aged animals. Initially, we show that many of the mutations observed in SARS-CoV-2 during mouse adaptation (at positions 417, 484, 501 of the spike protein) also arise in humans in variants of concern (VOC) 2 . Their appearance during mouse adaptation indicates that immune pressure is not required for their selection. Similar to the human infection, aged mice infected with mouse-adapted SARS-CoV-2 develop more severe disease than young mice. In murine SARS, in which severity is also age-dependent, we showed that elevated levels of an eicosanoid, prostaglandin D2 (PGD 2 ) and of a phospholipase, PLA 2 G2D, contributed to poor outcomes i...Continue Reading

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