PMID: 8776411Jul 1, 1996

Electrical alternans and the onset of rate-induced pulsus alternans during acute regional ischaemia in the anaesthetised pig heart

Cardiovascular Research
C F MurphyM J Lab

Abstract

Electrical alternans and mechanical alternans are both associated with cardiac ischaemia and in the case of electrical alternans there is a strong link with serious ventricular arrhythmia. We elected to investigate the relationship between electrical and mechanical alternans in control and acutely ischaemic myocardium in the intact porcine heart to determine the nature of their interaction and in particular to determine if abnormal mechanical events play a role in arhythmogenesis as has been suggested in non-ischaemic preparations. We used rapid atrial pacing to induce regional mechanical alternans and pulsus alternans before and then at 5-min intervals after the onset of acute ischaemia induced by a 30-min ligation of a diagonal branch of the left anterior descending artery. Regional mechanical activity is measured with epicardial tripodal strain gauges and regional electrical activity is measured using suction-based monophasic action potential electrodes. To test whether alternate stretching of ischaemic segments during pulsus alternans contributed to electrical alternans we simulated pulsus alternans by clamping the proximal aorta on alternate beats. In control areas there was a constant discordant relationship between peak ...Continue Reading

Citations

Nov 14, 1997·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·Z KnudsenJ Brindley
Oct 19, 2010·Heart Rhythm : the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society·Raja J SelvarajVijay S Chauhan
Feb 6, 2007·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Leonid M Livshitz, Yoram Rudy
Mar 10, 1999·Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology·M J Lab
Jun 23, 2012·Heart Rhythm : the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society·Xiaoping WanDavid S Rosenbaum
Oct 21, 2016·Journal of Arrhythmia·Gary TseJie Ming Yeo
Apr 9, 2008·Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology·Kenneth R Laurita, David S Rosenbaum
Jan 31, 2004·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Elizabeth M Cherry, Flavio H Fenton
Aug 12, 2006·Circulation Research·Daisuke SatoAlain Karma
Aug 24, 2005·Circulation·James N WeissAlain Karma

Related Concepts

Nerve Impulses
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Myocardial Contraction
Myocardial Ischemia

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