Electrical and Hemodynamic Neural Functions in People With ALS: An EEG-fNIRS Resting-State Study.

IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering : a Publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
R J DeliganiYalda Shahriari

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a complex neurodegenerative disease that causes the progressive loss of voluntary muscle control. Recent studies have reported conflicting results on alterations in resting-state functional brain networks in ALS by adopting unimodal techniques that measure either electrophysiological or vascular-hemodynamic neural functions. However, no study to date has explored simultaneous electrical and vascular-hemodynamic changes in the resting-state brain in ALS. Using complementary multimodal electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) recording and analysis techniques, we explored the underlying multidimensional neural contributions to altered oscillations and functional connectivity in people with ALS. 10 ALS patients and 9 age-matched controls underwent multimodal EEG-fNIRS recording in the resting state. Resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) and power spectra of both modalities in both groups were analyzed and compared statistically. Increased fronto-parietal EEG connectivity in the alpha and beta bands and increased interhemispheric and right intra-hemispheric fNIRS connectivity in the frontal and prefrontal regions were observed in ALS. Frontal, centr...Continue Reading

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