PMID: 128989Aug 1, 1975

Electrical and mechanical activities of longitudinal muscle contraction elicited by transmural electric stimulation

Acta Medica Okayama
K Tsuchiya

Abstract

Intracellular electrical and mechanical activities were simultaneously recorded from the longitudinal muscle of isolated guinea-pig jejunum when the preparation was stimulated transmurally by square pulses of 1 msec, 10 Hz, 10-40 V. Transmural stimulation of more than 30 V induced co-ordinated peristaltic waves under intraluminal pressure at levels subthreshold for the peristaltic reflex. Transmural stimulation of less than 30 V induced various types of mechanical responses. After termination of stimulation, rebound excitation was observed. Electrical activities of the longitudinal muscle were compared with various mechanical responses. Slow depolarization without spike potential was recorded when the longitudinal muscle contracted without circular muscle contraction. However, spike potential was recorded from the longitudinal muscle when circular muscle contraction was present as a response. Hyperpolarization was observed soon after the beginning of stimulation. This hyperpolarization was persistent to atropine at 10(-6) g/ml. These electrical and mechanical responses to transmural stimulation disappeared when the preparation was treated with tetrodotoxin at 2 X 10(-7) g/ml.

Related Concepts

Atropen
Electric Stimulation Technique
Intestinal Motility
Cavia porcellus
Jejunum
Resting Potentials
Inotropism
Smooth Muscle
Tetrodotoxin

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