Aug 8, 2001

Electrical induction of ventricular fibrillation for resuscitation from postcountershock pulseless and asystolic cardiac arrests

Circulation
C T LengH R Halperin

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that defibrillation from prolonged ventricular fibrillation (VF) before CPR decreases survival. It remains unclear, however, whether harmful effects are due primarily to initial countershock of ischemic myocardium or to resultant postdefibrillation rhythms (ie, pulseless electrical activity [PEA] or asystole). We induced 15 dogs into 12 minutes of VF and randomized them to 3 groups. Group 1 was defibrillated at 12 minutes and then administered advanced cardiac life support (ACLS); group 2 was allowed to remain in VF and was subsequently defibrillated after 4 minutes of ACLS; group 3 was defibrillated at 12 minutes, electrically refibrillated, and then defibrillated after 4 minutes of ACLS. All group 1 and 3 animals were defibrillated into PEA/asystole at 12 minutes. After 4 minutes of ACLS, group 2 and 3 animals were effectively defibrillated into sinus rhythm. The extension of VF in group 2 and 3 subjects paradoxically resulted in shorter mean resuscitation times (251+/-15 and 245+/-7 seconds, respectively, versus 459+/-66 seconds for group 1; P<0.05) and improved 1-hour survival (10 of 10 group 2 and 3 dogs versus 1 of 5 group 1 dogs; Fisher's exact, P<0.005) compared with more conservatively mana...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Acrocallosal Syndrome
Support brand of multivitamin
Ventricular Fibrillation
Left Ventricular Structure
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Myocardium
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Myocardial Stunning
Sinus - General Anatomical Term
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm

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