PMID: 8540982Nov 1, 1995Paper

Electrical injuries--morbidity, outcome and treatment rationale

Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
J HussmannW A Zamboni

Abstract

Electrical injuries are unique with respect to low mortality rates, but very high rates of short- and long-term morbidity, and overall outcome. Controversy still exists regarding the advantages of one-stage debridement versus early serial debridement of necrotic tissue. The purpose of this study was a retrospective evaluation of treatment, morbidity and outcome in a group of patients with electrical injuries. Over a 13-year period 1992 patients were admitted with acute burns to our burn centre. Electrical injuries occurred in 129 (6.5 per cent) of these patients. There were 38 high-tension injuries and 91 low-tension injuries. The average age was 33.7 years (5 months to 63 years), with burn wounds ranging from 1 to 57 per cent total body surface area (mean 9.5 per cent). Ninety-four (72.9 per cent) of these injuries were work related, and most occurred in males (85 per cent). A total of 323 surgical procedures were performed on those 129 patients. An average of 0.48, surgical debridements per patient was necessary in the low-tension injury group and only three partial finger or toe amputations were necessary. In the high-tension group, 27 major limb amputations were performed after 2.3 debridements per patient, resulting in an ...Continue Reading

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