Electrical injuries in a pediatric emergency department

Annals of Emergency Medicine
C T GarciaK Fernandez

Abstract

To examine the spectrum of electrical injuries and develop guidelines for management. Retrospective review of charts compiled during a 6-year period (1988 through 1993). Pediatric emergency department. Seventy-eight patients seen for electrical injuries. Fifty-four percent of patients were boys, and the mean age of the patients was 5.3 years. Eighty-two percent sustained burns. We divided patients into those who were involved in major electrical current events (n = 8) (water contact and high voltage) and minor electrical current events (n = 70) (injury sustained while placing an object in an outlet or touching/plugging in a cord or during oral contact with a cord). Of the minor events, all burns (n = 61) involved less than 1% of body surface area. Eighteen patients sustained second-degree burns, and 19 sustained third-degree burns. Of the eight major-event patients, one had abnormal ECG/rhythm strip findings, two had abnormal urinalysis results, and six had abnormal levels of creatine phosphokinase. All eight were admitted. Of the 70 minor-event patients, 2 of 53 had abnormal ECG/rhythm strip findings, 1 of 48 had abnormal urinalysis results, and 2 of 40 had abnormal creatine phosphokinase levels. Thirty-six of the 70 minor-eve...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Apr 15, 2004·Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries·Jong-wook LeeSuk-joon Oh
Jan 16, 1998·Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries·J RabbanR Sheridan
Sep 1, 1996·The Journal of Emergency Medicine·D N KyriacouA Stanitsas
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Aug 19, 2008·Cardiology in the Young·Alon HaimEli Zalzstein
Aug 31, 2000·Pediatric Emergency Care·M A Hostetler, C O Davis
Feb 22, 2013·Pediatric Emergency Care·Ashish RaiAbhijeet Saha
Feb 22, 2013·Pediatric Emergency Care·Mehmet Tahir GokdemirMuazez Cevik
Feb 6, 2010·Southern Medical Journal·Dante Pappano
Mar 2, 2010·Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie·I ClaudetS Salanne
Apr 5, 2014·The Journal of Surgical Research·Hanna AlemayehuSaleem Islam
Apr 17, 2010·Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries·S R MashrekyF Rahman
Dec 5, 2006·Annals of Emergency Medicine·Esther H Chen, Amit Sareen
Oct 10, 1998·Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health·C M Wilson, D M Fatovich
Sep 15, 2019·Pediatrics International : Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society·Semanur OzdelTülin Revide Sayli
Mar 3, 2021·Pediatrics in Review·Erin P O'Donnell, Therese L Canares
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May 20, 1999·Critical Care Clinics·S Jain, V Bandi
Sep 16, 2021·Journal of Burn Care & Research : Official Publication of the American Burn Association·Kayhan Gurbuz, Mete Demir

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