Electrical Stimulation of Visual Cortex: Relevance for the Development of Visual Cortical Prosthetics

Annual Review of Vision Science
William H BoskingDaniel Yoshor

Abstract

Electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex is a powerful tool for exploring cortical function. Stimulation of early visual cortical areas is easily detected by subjects and produces simple visual percepts known as phosphenes. A device implanted in visual cortex that generates patterns of phosphenes could be used as a substitute for natural vision in blind patients. We review the possibilities and limitations of such a device, termed a visual cortical prosthetic. Currently, we can predict the location and size of phosphenes produced by stimulation of single electrodes. A functional prosthetic, however, must produce spatial temporal patterns of activity that will result in the perception of complex visual objects. Although stimulation of later visual cortical areas alone usually does not lead to a visual percept, it can alter visual perception and the performance of visual behaviors, and training subjects to use signals injected into these areas may be possible.

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Citations

Jun 3, 2020·Cerebral Cortex·Jia Ming HuAnna Wang Roe
Jul 11, 2020·The Neuroscientist : a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry·Kevin A Mazurek, Marc H Schieber
Jun 17, 2020·Journal of Neural Engineering·Vernon L TowlePhilip R Troyk
Sep 9, 2018·Neurotherapeutics : the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics·Soroush Niketeghad, Nader Pouratian
Dec 5, 2020·Science·Michael S Beauchamp, Daniel Yoshor
Mar 7, 2021·Brain Sciences·Danko D GeorgievGeorgi V Georgiev
Feb 27, 2021·Frontiers in Human Neuroscience·Maurice PtitoDaniel-Robert Chebat
May 16, 2020·Cell·Pieter R Roelfsema
Aug 13, 2021·Neuroscience Bulletin·Chundi WangShenbing Kuang
Sep 3, 2021·Bioelectricity·Jarno M A TanskanenJari A K Hyttinen

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