Jan 1, 1978

Electrocardiographic manifestations and clinical significance of atrioventricular nodal alternating Wenckbach periods

Chest
A CastellanosR J Myerburg

Abstract

Atrioventricular nodal alternating Wenckebach periods were defined as episodes of 2:1 atrioventricular block in which there was a gradual increase in transmission intervals of conducted beats ending in two or three consecutively blocked atrial impulses. This is one of the mechanisms whereby 2:1 atrioventricular block progresses into 3:1 or 4:1 atrioventricular block. Alternating Wenckebach periods appear during rapid atrial pac,ng (even in the absence of depressed atrioventricular nodal function), provided that the atria can be captured at a rate fast enough to allow for the occurrence of this phenomenon. Treatment of atrial flutter with digoxin and quinidine produces alternating Wenckebach's periods, with associated electrocardiographic changes specific for the type of drug given. In patients with "atrial tachycardia with atrioventricular block" due to digitalis intoxication or with primary disease of the conducting system or with acute myocardial infarction, there are coexisting severe arrhythmias and clinical symptoms requiring almost immediate pharmacologic or electrical therapy. We conclude that atrioventricular nodal alternating Wenckebach's periods are common and frequentyly transient and that they occur in a variety of ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Alcoholic Intoxication
Structure of Purkinje Fibers
Quinidex
Heart Block
Left Bundle Branch of His
Myocardial Infarction
Acute Disease
Right Atrial Structure
Mapluxin
Atrioventricular Block

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