Oct 22, 2008

Electrogenic reactions and dielectric properties of photosystem II

Photosynthesis Research
Alexey SemenovMahir Mamedov


This review is focused on the mechanism of photovoltage generation involving the photosystem II turnover. This large integral membrane enzyme catalyzes the light-driven oxidation of water and reduction of plastoquinone. The data discussed in this work show that there are four main electrogenic steps in native complexes: (i) light-induced charge separation between special pair chlorophylls P(680) and primary quinone acceptor Q(A); (ii) P(680)(+) reduction by the redox-active tyrosine Y(Z) of polypeptide D1; (iii) oxidation of Mn cluster by Y(Z)(ox) followed by proton release, and (iv) protonation of double reduced secondary quinone acceptor Q(B). The electrogenicity related to (i) proton-coupled electron transfer between Q(A)(-) and preoxidized non-heme iron (Fe(3+)) in native and (ii) electron transfer between protein-water boundary and Y(Z)(ox) in the presence of redox-dye(s) in Mn-depleted samples, respectively, were also considered. Evaluation of the dielectric properties using the electrometric data and the polarity profiles of reaction center from purple bacteria Blastochloris viridis and photosystem II are presented. The knowledge of the profile of dielectric permittivity along the photosynthetic reaction center is import...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Photosynthetic Reaction Centers
Energy Transfer
Complex (molecular entity)
Electron Transport
Biochemical Turnover

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