PMID: 38253Sep 10, 1979

Electron and proton transport in the ubiquinone cytochrome b-c2 oxidoreductase of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides. Patterns of binding and inhibition by antimycin

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
W H van den BergP L Dutton

Abstract

The effect of antimycin on the ubiquinone cytochrome b-c2 (Q b-c2) oxidoreductase of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides has been studied under controlled oxidation-reduction potential (Eh) conditions by equilibrium measurements and by rapid kinetic analysis of single turnover flash.induced electron and proton translocations. 1. Antimycin shifts the alpha-band of ferro b50 (lambda max 560 nm) by 1 to 2 nm toward the red but has no apparent effect on the equilibrium oxidation-reduction midpoint potential of the cytochrome. 2. This red shift is proportional to the antimycin added until a "titer" of 0.7 +/- 0.1 antimycin per reaction center (RC) is approached. With a similar titer antimycin essentially abolishes the following millisecond reactions activated by saturating single turnover flashes: reduction of ferri c2, oxidation of ferro b, Phase III of the membrane-potential-indicating band shift of endogenous carotenoid pigments, and the uptake of 1 of the 2 protons taken up per electron transferred. Such titrations indicate that the binding (KD approximately 10(-9) m) and mode of inhibition of antimycin are noncooperative and are independent of the membrane's coupling status and of the pH and Eb over the ra...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ubiquinone (Lab Procedure)
Photopsia
Benzoquinone
Carotenoids
Cytochrome Reductases
Quinones
Complex (molecular entity)
Antimycin A
Uptake
Electron Transport

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