PMID: 1171874Aug 1, 1975Paper

Electron-microscope observations of mitosis and cytokinesis in multinucleate protoplasts of soybean

Journal of Cell Science
L C FowkeF Constabel

Abstract

Multinucleate soybean protoplasts produced by spontaneous fusion during enzyme digestion of the cell wall initiated cell division after approximately 40 h in culture. The structure of these protoplasts during mitosis and cytokinesis was studied with both light and electron microscopes. Most nuclei did not fuse but divided synchronously. Interphase nuclei was commonly connected by short narrow nuclear bridges. At prophase and metaphase the nuclei appeared typical of those in most higher plants; technical difficulties prevented an adequate examination of protoplasts at anaphase. Telophase was characterized by cytokinesis involving phragmoplast and cell plate formation; however, complete partitioning of the cytoplasm by cell plants was not observed. Numerous coated vesicles were present near to or continuous with the cell plate and plasmalemma. The presence of a few dividing protoplasts with at least double the normal chromosome number suggests that some nuclear fusion occurred prior to mitosis. Very little cell wall material was detected at the margin of the dividing protoplasts.

Related Concepts

Cell Division Phases
Cell Fusion Procedure
Cell Nucleus
Chromosomes
Protoplasm
M Phase, Mitotic
Organoids
Protoplasts
Glycine max

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