PMID: 11498458Aug 11, 2001Paper

Electron paramagnetic resonance investigation on modulatory effect of 17beta-estradiol on membrane fluidity of erythrocytes in postmenopausal women

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
K TsudaY Masuyama


Many studies have shown that estrogen may exert cardioprotective effects and reduce the risk of hypertension and coronary events. On the other hand, it has been proposed that cell membrane abnormalities play a role in the pathophysiology of hypertension, although it is not clear whether estrogen would influence membrane function in essential hypertension. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) on membrane fluidity of erythrocytes in normotensive and hypertensive postmenopausal women. We determined the membrane fluidity of erythrocytes by means of an electron paramagnetic resonance and spin-labeling method. In an in vitro study, E(2) significantly decreased the order parameter for 5-nitroxide stearate and the peak height ratio for 16-nitroxide stearate obtained from electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of erythrocyte membranes in normotensive postmenopausal women. The finding indicates that E(2) might increase the membrane fluidity of erythrocytes. The effect of E(2) was significantly potentiated by the NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, and a cGMP analogue, 8-bromo-cGMP. In contrast, the change in the membrane fluidity evoked by E(2) was attenuated in the presence of the...Continue Reading


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