Jul 1, 1989

Electrophysiologic spectrum of concealed intranodal conduction during atrial rate acceleration in a model of 2:1 atrioventricular block

Circulation
J McKinnieM Akhtar

Abstract

Concealed anterograde penetration of the atrioventricular (AV) node has been used to explain a wide variety of electrocardiographic findings. The effects of atrial rate acceleration on this phenomenon remain undefined. To examine the dynamic interrelations between conducted and nonconducted beats at different atrial rates, a unique atrial pacing protocol of functional 2:1 AV block was used in 10 patients. The pacing protocol involved abrupt transitions from 2:1 to 1:1 AV conduction and enabled quantification of conduction delay produced by nonpropagated impulses over extremes of atrial rate. Stable 2:1 AV conduction was maintained over a mean range of atrial paced cycle lengths of 289 +/- 29.6 to 223 +/- 33.0 msec, respectively. The mean AV conduction time during 2:1 and corresponding 1:1 drives at the longest atrial paced rates were 169 +/- 33.5 and 136.5 +/- 26.9 msec, respectively--revealing a significant effect of nonpropagated impulses on subsequent conduction. Surprisingly, at the shortest atrial paced rates, the mean AV conduction times were 191.5 +/- 31.8 and 161.0 +/- 23.3 msec, respectively. The lack of significant changes in conduction time between 2:1 and 1:1 drives at the extremes of atrial rate (32.5 vs. 30 msec, ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Heart Block
Conduction Delay
Cardiac Conduction System
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Electrophysiology (Science)
Heart Atrium
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Cardiac Conduction
2: 1 Atrioventricular Block
Electrocardiographic Recorders

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